The Sustainable Construction Glossary
by Eco Construction Design
by Eco Construction Design
The terms sustainable construction, or ecological, bio-construction, among others, are heard and read more and more. There is a reason for this. The awareness that this model protects the life experience of a person or a family, as well as the environment, like no other, is growing.
Even so, there are doubts about the concept, the use of related nomenclatures and although there is a lot of literature on the subject, I consider it relevant, in this opening article of our Blog, to create a simple Glossary of sustainable construction that can serve as a help or reference to the interested party.
All the definitions presented, although of own writing, are supported by different consultations and texts. We try from here to facilitate the understanding and the propagation of the concept. For the benefit of all.
If you consider relevant the inclusion of a specific related term that you do not see in this Sustainable Construction Glossary, let us know and we will be happy to add it. Likewise, if you find any error or lack of accuracy, please discuss it with us so that we can correct it as soon as possible.
Here we go:
Bio-construction tries to integrate the building into the construction environment, avoiding the minimum impact. The envelopes are analysed and designed to become a «skin» that protects and facilitates the building’s transpiration.
Certification Focused on reducing the impact of the execution of the work and subsequent life of the building. Seeking the greatest comfort and health for those who use or live in it. In this link you will access the corresponding section in our website.
It is the amount of greenhouse gas emissions produced by a given action. In this case, we are not referring to the amount of gases that are emitted during the manufacture of construction materials, during the construction of a building or dwelling and the emission of gases associated with their use or habitability. The degree of sustainability of a building is related, among other things, to this concept, the lower the emission the higher the degree of sustainability.
Certified Environmental Profile
Method through which the environmental effects involved in the manufacture, use, consumption and possible disposal of a certain construction material can be evaluated.
Ecological construction system using plywood that is recommended for large houses, which present large flights and more exclusive designs as well as for large buildings. In this link you can access the corresponding section in our website.
Daytime heat flow
The amount of heat, that enters and leaves a building in a day.
Index that reflects the decrease in dependence on carbon-containing fossil fuels.
The time it takes for the outside heat to affect the inside by passing through an enclosure or insulation system.
Permanent destruction of forest masses such as forests for other uses such as crops, construction, etc.
Resistance to wear and tear caused by use or external elements such as sunlight, temperature, cold, rain, etc.
An approach to design that pays special attention to the environmental impact of an element during its lifetime.
A practice, that involves increasing the productivity of natural resources.
Building or home designed to obtain maximum energy efficiency.
Construction design that respects the natural environment and that is built with natural materials, making the most of the resources provided by the sun, the earth and the local climate to achieve the maximum well-being and life experience of its inhabitants.
A construction that respects the natural environment and that is built with natural materials, making the most of the resources provided by the sun, the earth and the local climate to achieve the maximum well-being and life experience of its inhabitants.
Rate, that through economic incentives intends to promote the activities of protection and respect for the environment.
Enclosure, thermal envelope
The part of the building, that is in contact with the outside. By simulating the human body, the envelope could be the skin of the building. Its design and characteristics will form part of the configuration of such important aspects as the acoustics and interior temperature of the building or dwelling.
Energy Performance Certificate
A certificate required by the EU that informs the owner of a building of the expected energy performance and also contains recommendations for improvement,
Energy performance of a building
The amount of energy required for the building to efficiently fulfil the purpose for which it was designed.
Impact that a product or construction project has on the environment
Environmental consequences of construction or manufacturing processes of related materials
From cradle to cradle
Expression that refers to the complete use of construction materials in their useful life and beyond, preventing the generation of waste.
Central heating or cooling system that drives heat from the floor or into the ground.
Global temperature increases due to the greenhouse effect that can produce a climate change capable of endangering future generations.
Warming of the earth’s surface caused by the increase of gases in the atmosphere
Green roof, green cover
Roof of a building partially or totally covered with soil and vegetation spread over an impermeable membrane.
Green washing, ecological bleaching
Practice through which companies or products are attributed ecological or sustainable qualities without being true.
A device or tool designed to promote heat transfer between two media.
The estimated duration that a building or parts of it have under a range of conditions of use and environmental exposure.
Bio-construction system recommended for houses of exclusive design that do not need more than 2 floors. Very efficient system, quick to work and extremely versatile. In this link you can access the corresponding section in our website.
Construction system based on the assembly of modules manufactured outside the point of construction. It offers economic benefits as well as speed of execution and great versatility in terms of design. In this link you can access the corresponding section in our website.
Extension of the economic concept focused on environmental and ecological goods and services.
Natural light transmittance
Relationship between the amount of light a window receives on its outside and the amount of light that passes through it.
Certification of German origin based on optimizing the thermal insulation, in obtaining a high energy efficiency presenting a very low consumption of heating and cooling. In this link you will access the corresponding section in our website.
Also called Efficient House. It is the house or building that reduces its energy requirements as much as possible without affecting the comfort and habitability of its inhabitants.
Device capable of transforming solar radiation into electrical energy.
Radon Gas Protection
Measures included in the design of a building capable of preventing the intrusion of the radioactive gas radon, present in nature, into living areas.
Abbreviation for Thermal Insulation System. It is basically a system of prefabricated insulating panels attached to a wall. Its function is to reduce energy consumption needs. There are different types and configurations of Sate, its application and suitability will depend on concepts such as geographical location and budget, among others.
Removal of greenhouse gases through photosynthesis or storage in carbon sinks
Construction design environmental friendly that seeks to minimize the environmental impact in terms of construction and uses while providing maximum energy efficiency.
An environmental friendly construction that tries to minimize the environmental impact in terms of construction and uses while providing maximum energy efficiency.
An element of low thermal conductivity placed in a structure assembly in order to minimize or avoid the flow of thermal energy.
These are strategic points on windows, facades, roofs, etc. through which upward or downward temperature flows can be created. This can occur mainly for two reasons, imperfections in the application of thermal insulation and/or conductivity between materials. These are elements that must be treated with special attention in order not to minimize their effects, since they are directly involved in interior comfort and energy efficiency.
Certification that allows identifying, measure and monitoring the characteristics of the built spaces that impact on the health and well-being of the occupants. In this link you will access the corresponding section in our website.
A wood product that provides the right resistance for the intended use while maintaining its qualities in a constant way.
Zero Emissions Building
Building capable of producing energy from renewable sources by offsetting the emissions and carbon footprint generated during construction and use.
REMEMBER: If you consider relevant the inclusion of a specific related term that you do not see in this Sustainable Construction Glossary, let us know and we will be happy to add it. Also, if you find any error or lack of accuracy, please discuss it with us so that we can correct it as soon as possible.
Eco Construction Design